In Kenya, energy is identified as one of the infrastructural enablers of the three pillars of Vision 2030, with an expected surge in energy use within the commercial sector on the road to 2030. As a result, the government has identified the need for generation of additional energy and efficiency in energy consumption as priorities in Vision 2030. In order to promote renewable energy projects like wind and solar energy development programme on a commercial scale, the Government of Kenya (GoK) has also introduced Feed-In Tariff (FIT) policy to attract private investments.
The policy provides a fixed tariff for electricity generated in grid connected mode The main sources of energy are wood fuel, petroleum and electricity accounting for 69%, 22%, and 9% of total energy use1 respectively. More precisely, 67.5% of electricity is generated using renewable energy sources which are predominantly Hydro with 47.8%2 and Geothermal with 12.4% respectively, while 32.5% is from fossil fuels. The total electricity which is generated is shared by less than 20% of population of the country, and more than 80 percent of the population remains without access to the electricity.